Woman’s Home Companion Cook Book – Part 15
With all of us getting organised for the holiday festivities and baking preparations – there is always more baking down over the holidays, I thought it apt to share the chapter on cakes.
The chapter on Cakes reads:
“Whether it’s a blue ribbon at the fair or appreciate ah’s from the family, a perfect cake wins approval enough to give its creator a warm glow of pride. And what is a perfect cake? Why, everybody knows.
To begin with, the perfect cake looks right – whether round or square or loaf-shaped, it’s the shape it was meant to be, without cracks or humps or dismal depressions. The crust is golden brown, not burned but thin and crisp. And when you cut into it, you find it’s feathery light (unless it’s a fruit cake, meant to be freighted with goodies), and moist and mellow, with a texture like velvet.
Everybody knows a good cake, but not everybody can make one – that is the common opinion. Aunt Jane just as a knack, Mrs. Green has a gift for it, other people have good luck. Actually, of course, you don’t need gifts or luck, but the right equipment, including good recipes, and a laboratory degree of accuracy in doing what the recipes tell you to do.
Cake-making is a game you play by the rules. Try to cheat the recipe ever so little, and it’s likely to make a big difference; or at least enough to explain why your last cake was almost too solidly independent, why today’s attempt turns sulky and clings to the pan. These variations in temperament aren’t due to a witch in the oven, but – perhaps – to measuring cups and spoons that aren’t standard. Or do you fail to sift before you measure? Perhaps you thought that a foolish direction? But flour, especially cake flour, packs down under its own weight. Unless you sift first, you cup holds more, and that little more may ne the cause of coarse-textured cake with a cracked top and a tough crust.
Then it may be that you aren’t a good mixer of cake batter; you may beat at the wrong time. Beating should be done before the dry and liquid ingredients are combined. After that decisive step is taken, stir gently to blend but don’t beat unless the directions actually specify beating or you may have a coarse, dry cake with tunnels.
What it all comes to is this: you can make a good cake if you try. Give the matter your very best attention – it’s worth it.
Correct size and shape of baking pan is important. The capacity of the pan is exactly right when the baked cake fills the pan but does not bulge at the rim. Some cakes are more adaptable than others and may be baked in various types of pans, with suitable adjustments in baking temperature and time. Generally speaking, thin layer cakes and sheet cakes are baked at a higher temperature for a short time, to prevent drying out. Thicker cakes require lower temperature and longer baking time to insure even baking throughout.
Prepare the pans before mixing the cake. For butter cakes only the bottom of the pan should be greased. Better volume is obtained if the sides of the pan are very lightly greased or not at all. A piece of waxed paper cut to fit the bottom of the pan may be placed in the greased pan if desired; the top of the paper need not be greased. Pans for sponge cakes should not be greased at all unless the cake is to be baked in layer pans or a sheet pan, when the pan should be greased on the bottom only and lined with waxed paper. Do not fill pans more than two-thirds full.”
This lovely chapter is packed full and talks about selection of ingredients from flour to leavening, shortening, sugar, eggs and liquids with very specific instructions on how to mix and bake your cake and how to cut a cake for a crowd, with graphics on how to cut a tiered (traditionally a wedding) cake. There is even a paragraph on caring for your cakes after baking and there are 50 pages of recipes for cakes and frostings. My favourite part of this chapter is the 12 pages on cake decorating. 🙂
I could use a companion like this in the kitchen 🙂
What a fantastic cake section 🙂
Choc Chip Uru
CCU, you are already such an accomplished baker at your tender age, think you could teach us all a thing or two. Have a lovely day. 🙂
Glad to hear I have a ‘gift’ for it! 🙂
Hope you haven’t missed out on years of praise for your gift. 😉 Have an awesome weekend Sue. 🙂 xo
**The crust is golden brown, not burned but thin and crisp**
Omygosh, I am so screwed!!
Just like on the chocolate tart from the other day Kim… 😉 Have a beautiful day. 🙂 xoxoxo
What a valuable book. It’s full of so much information. I remember someone telling me once that if you want to cook Asian cuisine it’s a matter of adding a little bit of this and a little bit of that until you get the right balance but with baking, it’s like chemistry – an exact science xx
Strange that you can do anything with cooking but not baking. Imagine how difficult it must have been eons ago before we had all the correct ratios sorted out! Have a super weekend Charlie. 🙂 xo
Well, Mandy, you know how much love these posts. They are really special and chock full of advice. In fact, they’ve inspired me.
A couple weeks ago, a fellow blogger posted an entry about the Gutenberg project (http://www.gutenberg.org/). It’s a site featuring books available for download for free because their copyrights have expired. You’d be amazed the old classics that are available. Well, I searched and found an American cookbook published in 1918, “Foods that will Win the War and How to Cook Them.” It features recipes that use less wheat, meat, fats, and sugar. In some respects, it’s the forerunner of today’s gluten-free diets. Who knew?
I never would have thought to look for, or download, a book like this had it not been for these excerpts that you share. So, thanks, Mandy! 🙂
John, what a beautiful compliment, thank you! I never knew that you could download books for free because of expired copyrights – awesome! I am going to head over to Gutenberg for a look-see. Its incredible that due to necessity eons ago has become today’s choice for some people with what they eat. Have a super day John. 🙂 xo
There are some goo dreads to be had online Mandy, from classic novels, poetyr, and yes even gardening books 😉
Ooh, I should not be allowed access to more fun things – I will never get anything done! 🙂 xo
“without cracks or humps or dismal depressions.” ooops that’s me out of the running then !!
But I found what was written about not greasing the sides of the pans interesting, I’ll have to see if that makes any difference.
I love these posts Mandy, they give us a real glimpse and lots of tips,!
Hee hee, you and me both Claire. Seems you really had to be a professional baker back in the day to get everything just right. Have a super day. 🙂 xo
Thanks for the cake tips! Sifting…. I always knew that was why my cakes were coarse textured or had an uneven top. I guess I should stop skipping that step. Take Care, BAM
I must confess to often skipping the sifting step too Bam. Have a lovely day. 🙂
I enjoy reading these cake-baking tips. Very helpful!
Glad you enjoyed the read Angie. Have an awesome day. 🙂
I often cheat on my cake recipe, and we still eat the results 🙂
I bet the results of your cakes are fabulous Tandy. Have a lovely evening. 🙂 xo
I still wonder how my grandmother could bake perfect cakes in a wood burning stove. Now that truly has to be magic of some kind.
Oh I agree Diane, although it seems being able to bake was inbred in the genes of the generations of eons ago. Have a super day. 🙂
Reblogged this on Annette J Dunlea Irish Author's Literary Blog.
Hi Annette, many thanks for re-blogging my post. Have a super day. 🙂
It is very interesting, Mandy. I would love to have this book… 🙂
4 more chapter before I safely place it back in my mom’s hands. Have a lovely day Giovanna. 🙂 xo
This answered a question I’ve had for a long time.. I always thought I had to butter and flour on top of the piece of waxed paper, lol! I also like that “beating” before the wet and dry ingredients mix together.. another great tip:D I think I should try making a cake now!! I also love the use of human adjectives and adverbs… “sulky”!!
So many wonderful pearls of wisdom in this book Smidge and I have to chuckle at the way it is written. Have a beautiful day. 🙂 xo
I wish I had my mother’s book…it was such a thorough cookbook.
What a pity you don’t have it Karen, it is a very special book. Have a lovely day. 🙂 xo