Abbreviations and Conversions

Abbreviations

c/C cup
t/tsp teaspoon
T/tbsp/Tbs tablespoon
D/dstsp dessertspoon
˚C degrees Celsius
˚F degrees Fahrenheit
g/gr gram
kg kilogram
l/L litre
lb pound
ml millilitre
oz ounce
fl oz fluid ounce
pkt packet

Conversions

Temperature conversions

Fahrenheit
Degrees
Celsius
Degrees
Gas
Mark
Oven
Term
200 100 1/8 Very Low
225 110 1/4 Very Low
250 120 1/2 Very Low
275 140 1 Low
300 150 2 Low
325 160 3 Low
350 180 4 Moderate
375 190 5 Moderate
400 200 6 Moderate
425 220 7 High
450 230 8 High
475 240 9 High
500 260 10 Very High

 

Measuring conversions

 

Spoons Millilitres Cups Millilitres
1/8 tsp 1ml 1/8 cup 30ml
1/4 tsp 1.25ml 1/4 cup 60ml
1/2 tsp 2.5ml 1/3 cup 80ml
1 tsp 5ml 1/2 cup 125ml
2tsp 10ml 2/3 cup 170ml
3tsp 15ml 3/4 cup 190ml
1D 10ml 1 cup 250ml
1T 15ml 2 cups 500ml
2T 30ml 3 cups 750ml
3T 45ml 4 cups 1 litre
4T 60ml

 

Cake tin size conversions

Inches Millimetres Centimetres
5in 125mm 12.5cm
6in 150mm 15cm
7in 180mm 18cm
8in 200mm 20cm
9in 230mm 23cm
10in 250mm 25cm
11in 280mm 28cm
12in 300mm 30cm

 

 

Square tin to round cake tin conversions

Square Tin Round Tin
13cm or 130mm (5 inch) 15cm or 150mm (6 inch)
12.5cm or 125mm (5inch) 18cm or 180mm (7 inch)
18cm or 180mm (7 inch) 20cm or 200mm (8 inch)
20cm or 200mm (8 inch) 23cm or 230mm (9 inch)
23cm or 230mm (9 inch) 25cm or 250mm (11 inch)
25.5cm or 255mm(10inch) 28cm or 280mm (11 inch)
28cm or 280mm (11inch) 30cm or 300mm (12 inch)

 

Microwave oven conversions

Microwave recipes generally give terms based on a 700W to a 750W microwave oven.
The times below are given in minutes and seconds using 100% power.

1000W 850W 750W 650W 550W 450W
00:40 00:45 00:50 01:00 01:10 01:25
01:20 01:30 01:45 02:00 02:20 02:55
01:55 02:15 02:35 03:00 03:30 04:20
02:35 03:05 03:30 04:00 04:45 05:45
03:15 03:50 04:20 05:00 05:55 07:15
03:55 04:35 05:10 06:00 07:05 08:40
04:35 05:20 06:05 07:00 08:15 10:05
05:10 06:05 06:55 08:00 09:25 11:35
05:50 06:50 07:50 09:00 10:40 13:00
06:30 07:40 08:40 10:00 11:50 14:25
09:45 11:30 13:00 15:00 17:45 21:40
13:00 15:15 17:20 20:00 23:40 28:55

 

Ingredient conversions

Flour
1 cup (250ml)              =       100g
1 tablespoon (15ml)     =      8g

Sugar
1 cup (250ml)              =      200g
1 tablespoon (15ml)     =      15g

Icing Sugar
1 cup (250ml)              =      100g
1 tablespoon (15ml)     =      8g

Butter & Margarine
1 cup (250ml)              =      200g
1 tablespoon (15ml)     =      15g

Crumbs
1 cup (250ml)              =      50g
1 tablespoon (15ml)     =      4g

Rice
1 cup (250ml)              =      210g
1 tablespoon (15ml)     =      16g

Substituting ingredients

 

 

15ml cornflour / maizena 30ml cake flour
250ml self raising flour 250ml cake flour + 5ml baking powder
5ml cream of tartar 10ml lemon juice or vinegar
230g butter 220ml cooking oil
250ml melted butter 250ml cooking oil
250ml sugar 200ml golden syrup or honey
250ml sour milk 250ml milk + 20ml lemon juice or vinegar
250ml yoghurt 250ml buttermilk or sour cream
15ml fresh herbs 5ml dried herbs
5ml dry mustard powder 15ml prepared mustard

 

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Square cake tin to round cake tin conversions

A fellow blogger The Ordinary Cook recently asked about square to round cake tin conversations so I thought it would be nice to share the information with everybody.

Square cake tin to round cake tin conversions

As a general rule of thumb, a square tin holds approximately 25% more than a round tin of the same size; therefore reduce the round cake tin size between 2cm and 2.5cm (±1 inch) to arrive at the equivalent size of a square tin.

Approximate conversions

Round Tin                               Square Tin

15cm or 150mm (6 inch)           13cm or 130mm (5 inch)

18cm or 180mm (7 inch)           12.5cm or 125mm (5 inch)

20cm or 200mm (8 inch)           18cm or 180mm (7 inch)

23cm or 230mm (9 inch)           20cm or 200mm (8 inch)

25cm or 250mm (11 inch)         23cm or 230mm (9 inch)

28cm or 280mm (11 inch)         25.5cm or 255mm (10 inch)

30cm or 300mm (12 inch)         28cm or 280mm (11 inch)

Also, If you are using a square tin for a round tin recipe, keep the oven temperature the same, and turn the cake halfway through baking, as the corners tend to cook faster than the middle.

For additional conversions, have a look at:

Cake tin size conversions

Temperature conversions

Measuring conversions

Microwave oven conversions

Ingredient conversions

Ingredient conversions

The older recipe books give certain ingredient weights in grams and a some of us today don’t have scales to measure out grams.  This table will eliminate uncertainties for you.

Enjoy,

Mandy

Ingredient conversions

Microwave oven conversions

Microwave cooking and heating instructions are usually given based on a 700W to a 750W microwave oven. They don’t however provide a guide for a higher or lower wattage microwave oven.

Hope this helps.

Mandy

Microwave oven conversions

The times below are given in minutes and seconds using 100% power.

Cake tin size conversions

How often have we searched for a tape measure that shows inches and centimetres to correctly gauge the size of an inherited cake tin which we know is 8 inches but need to know how many centimetres it is.  Hopefully this guide will make things a bit easier.

Enjoy,

Mandy

Cake tin size conversions 

Measuring conversions

Quite often recipe and cookery books only provide measuring conversions relevant to the recipes in that specific book.

This is a comprehensive list for spoon and cup conversions to millilitres.

Enjoy,

Mandy

Measuring conversions

Temperature conversions

Today’s little tit-bit is temperature conversions.  This is especially helpful when using “foreign” recipe books or those inherited from Granny that don’t always show temperatures the way we are accustomed to seeing them.  

Enjoy,

Mandy 

Temperature conversions